Name: Charles Newell Cutcliffe,
Birth: 1746 Westleigh, Devon, England1
Christen: 28 Feb 1746 Westleigh, Devon, England2
Burial: 22 Dec 1813 Westleigh, Devon, England2
Occupation: Solicitor and Banker at Barnstaple1
Father: Charles Cutcliffe (1710-
Mother: Elizabeth Dene of Horwood (1715-
Marriage: 21 Nov 1776 Kenton, Devon, England3
Spouse: Margaret Mervin4
Birth: 1750 Marwood, Devon, England
Burial: 1 May 1792 Marwood, Devon, England
Father: John Mervyn of Marwood
1 M: Harry Luppincott Cutcliffe, 1C4R
Birth: 12 Oct 1777 Devon, England
2 M: John Mervin Cutcliffe Lieut. Col., C.B5, 1C4R
Birth: 12 Oct 1778 Alverdiscott, Devon, England
Christen: 12 Oct 1778 Pilton, Devon, England6
Death: 1822 43 Webberey House, Westleigh5,7
Death Memo: listed as Esquire
Burial: 16 Jul 1822 Westleigh5,2,1
Spouse: Charlotte Talbot
Marriage: Apr 1808
3 F: Frances Cutcliffe8,9, 1C4R
Birth: 25 May 178010
Christen: 6 Jun 1780 Pilton, Devon, England6
Death: 5 Apr 1867
Burial: Marwood, Devon, England
Spouse: Zachary Hammett Drake of Springfield
Marriage: 6 Oct 1803 Marwood, Devon, England9
4 F: Anne Cutcliffe, 1C4R
Birth: 27 Oct 1781
Christen: 4 Nov 1781 Pilton, Devon, England6
Death: 2 May 1859
Burial: 7 May 1859 Marwood, Devon, England
5 F: Mary Cutcliffe, 1C4R
Christen: 21 Jan 1783 Pilton, Devon, England6
6 F: Mary Cutcliffe, 1C4R
Christen: 23 Jan 1784 Pilton, Devon, England6
7 M: Harry Cutcliffe, 1C4R
Christen: 9 Sep 1785 Pilton, Devon, England6
8 F: Harriet Elizabeth Cutcliffe, 1C4R
Christen: 28 Oct 1786 Devon, England
Death: 12 Apr 186711
Burial: 17 Apr 1867 Marwood
9 F: Emma Cutcliffe, 1C4R
Birth: 12 Apr 1788
Death: 14 Mar 1865
Burial: 20 Mar 1865 Marwood
Notes for Charles Newell Cutcliffe
After his marriage he lived at Marwood Hill, Marwood. A D.L. for Devon and Captain of Volunteers, exr. of his father’s will. His will 11/25/1806, pro. 7/8/1814, P.C.C..
5″The eldest son of Charles Cutcliffe of Weach, and Elizabeth Dene, was born in 1746. He was a Solicitor and Banker at Barnstaple, but resided, subsequently to his marriage, at Marwood Hill. He married in 1776 Margaret, the second daughter, and one of the two co-
12The First Bank of Barnstaple, which opened in 1791, was under the name of “Cutcliffe, Roche, Gribble and Co”, the Cutcliffe being C. N. Cutcliffe of Marwood Hill and discribed as a member of “an old and wealthy Devonshire family”.
Charles Newell was listed in the 1791 Militia Ballot List-
11 Graves in Marwood Church
14 “How Banking Came to the High Street”
“One of the constant complaints today”, (2006),” is that our town centres are being swamped by banks, estate agents and building societies-
Only 200 yeard ago, however, there were no banks in North Devon.
The frist was established in 1791 at Barnstaple and went under the name of Cutcliffe, Roche, Gribble and Company, although it soon became known as ‘The Old Bank’. It was based in a house opposite the Market in High Street, the site of which is now apparently occupied by Stephen’s Bakery.
The three men who started the business were all well known and well placed in the community.
C. N. Cutcliffe, of Marwood Hill, was a member of ‘an old and wealthy Devonshire family.’ Monier Roche, as the name suggests, was a French descent via a Huguenot family who come to North Devon.
His family name was anglicised to Rock and one of his descnedants gave Rock Park to the town. He was described as a “a moneyed man, in extensive business as merchant, with shrewdness and commercial ability.’
The third member of the company and junior partner was W. Gibble, a solicitor.
The three men – gentleman, merchant and lawyer – provided a firm base from the new bank which, if we believe a report of 1871, ‘maintained a reputation for honour and stability revalled by that of few private banking firms anywhere.’ This reference to ‘stability’ strikes us as odd today but all through the 19th century private banks were going into liquidation, taking investors’ money with them.
Within a few years both Cutcliffe and Roche had died and been replaced by Zachary Drake ‘a country gentleman of very old family.’ As ‘Drake and Gribble’ the bank continued untill Gribble died and was replaced by his son Henry, who also soon died and was replaced by William who, in turn, was quickly replaced by a John Gribble in 1809.
The firm remained as a two-
‘The Old Bank’, however, seems to have had the better manager, if we are to judge from the contemporary description of John Gribble with his ‘faultless integrity of his personal character, his strong sense and the severe plainness of his manner of life, ‘which ‘ combined to give him a degree of influence in which he was entirely unapproached by any townman of his time.’
!n 1830 John Marshall joined the bank and it became Drake, Gribble, Marshall and Company ( no wonder most people called it The Old Bank!). In 1846 Gribble died and was replaced by Henry Gribble who died in 1866 ‘at his desk.’ The family nature of these early banks is shown by the fact that this Henry had married the daughter of the bank’s chief clerk. Similarly when Mr. Marshall died he was succeeded by his nephew who in turn was replaced by his son.
So, it went on untill 1887 by which time it had become Marshall, Harding, Hiern and Company. In this year the company was taken over by Messrs Fox, Fowler and Company. The change was apparently very sudden and ‘some little uneasiness was felt and disquieting rumor got abroad’ in the town but were soon quelled as the bank ran normally, although from different premises.
These were situated in Cross Street and now house Lloyd’s Bank – who acquired them after taking over Fox, Fowler and Company in 1921. “
Notes for Margaret Mervin
Daughter and co-
15Birth date source
Notes for Harry Luppincott (Child 1)
5Died an infant.
16for date and place of birth.
Notes for John Mervin (Child 2)
17Thomas F. Cutcliffe has cane that was passed down by Brevet Lieut. Col. John Mervin Cutcliffe. Wendall Cutcliffe, Tom’s Uncle, had a plaque put on the cane that reads: “Lt. Col. John Mervyn Cutcliffe, Webbery house, Co. Devon, Alverdiscott, England. Souvenir – Egypt Campaign, with 23 rd. Light Dragoons1801.”
John Mervin Cutcliffe of Wibbery House, Alverdiscott, Brevet Lieut. Col. and C.B., (Campanion of the Bath), and Knight of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order, exeter of his father’s will. His will 8 July 1822 Pro. 28 Nov. 1822, P.C.C..
5″John Mervyn Cutcliffe, of Webbery, in the parish of Alverdescott, co. Devon, born 12th October 1778. He was educated for the Army, which he entered in 1800, as Cornet or Ensign in the 23rd Light Dragoons: In the same year he became Lieutenant, and took part with his Rigiment in the campaign of 1801, in Egypt: In 1809, having in 1804 obtained his Captaincy, he served in Portugal and Spain, and was present at the battle of Talavera: Promoted Major in 1813, he in that year, accompanied his regiment in the campaign on the eastern coast of Spain, and subsequently took part in the operations in Netherlands.
Major Cutcliffe was present at the battle of Quatre Bras on the 16th, and the action at Genappe on the 17th, and, on the 18th June, he commanded the 23rd at the battle of Waterloo. He was wounded, and was, on the recommendation of the Duke of Wellington, promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-
Brevet Lieut. Colonel John Mervin Cutcliffe received the medal of Turkish Order of the Crescent, for services in Egypt, and on 22nd June 1815, was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath: He was also Knight of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order.
Brevet Lieut. Colonel Cutcliffe married in April 1808, the Honorable Charlotte Talbot, daughter of Baroness Talbot de Malahide, but died without issue, and was buried at Westleigh 1822. His will, dated 8th July 1822, was proved in London 28th July 1822. By it, his widow became seized in fee of the ancient estates of the Cutcliffe family in the parish of Ilfracombe, which she re-
18The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly The Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath)  is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on May 18, 1725.  The name derives from the medieval ceremony for creating a knight, which involved bathing (as a symbol of purification) as one of its elements. The knights so created were known as Knights of the Bath.  George I “erected the Knights of the Bath into a regular Military Order”.  He did not (as is often stated) revive the Order of the Bath, since it had never previously existed as an Order, in the sense of a body of knights who were governed by a set of statutes and whose numbers were replenished when vacancies occurred.  
The Order consists of the Sovereign (currently HM Queen Elizabeth II), the Great Master (currently HRH The Prince of Wales),  and three Classes of members:
Source: Waterloo Battlefield Tours written by Adnrew Price:
“….by Major Peter Lautour, to whom command of the regiment has passed when the senior Major, John Cutcliffe, was wounded.
* Knight Grand Cross (GCB) or Dame Grand Cross (GCB)
* Knight Commander (KCB) or Dame Commander (DCB)
* Companion (CB)
Members belong to either the Civil or the Military Division. Prior to 1815 the order had only a single class, Knights Companion (KB), which no longer exists. Recipients of the Order are now usually senior military officers or senior civil servants.
The Order of the Bath is the fourth-
Egypt (Vakai Misriye), 1801
In 1798 a flotilla of French troops occupied Egypt, declaring the Egyptian people freed from the tyranny of local “Mamelukes”, and preaching France’s alliance with Sultan Selim III. The Sultan, however, was not impressed by this unsolicited “help” from France, and promptly declared war. He sought the assistance of the British, who had cut off the French army in Egypt by Nelson’s victory at the Battle of the Nile on July 31, 1798. In March 1801, a joint Ottoman and British army landed in Egypt and defeated the French army. The first recognition for these events went to Lord Nelson, who was awarded the Order of the Turkish Crescent. After the successful conclusion of the campaign in 1801, this medal was struck in various classes and awarded mainly to British Navy personnel who participated in the campaign.
The medal comes in six classes: a 55 mm. large gold medal set with diamonds, 55 mm. plain gold, 48 mm. gold, 43 mm gold, 36 mm. gold, and a 36 mm silver medal. They all have a common design: The obverse contains a crescent and 8-
19″The Battle of Talavera (July 27-
At Talavera the Vistula uhlans were part of Merlin’s division. In the last stages of this battle Wellington unleashed part of his cavalry. When British 23rd Light Dragoons (450 men) broke through the French 10e and 26e Chasseurs, Merlin ordered Vistula uhlans (390 men) to attack the Brits.
Behind the Poles rode the Westphalian lighthorseen (144 men). The Poles hit the enemy frontally and crushed them. The French chasseurs joined the Poles and attacked the enemy from the flank. The British 23rd Light Dragoons lost 207 killed, wounded and missing, and 105 were captured (according to Oman, Vol II, p 545-
20 The following was found in the National Archives in Cew, United Kingdom. A copy of which is in the possession of Thomas F. Cutcliffe in 2008.
“In the name of God Amen, I John Mervin Cutcliffe of Webbery in the Parish of Alverdiscott in the County of Devon so make this my last will and testament impriuis I do here by revoke all former wills then I so direct that my body be directly interred. With respect to my soul, I leave it unto the hands of my Maker hoping in the redemption of my soul by our Saviour Jesus Christ. With regard to my worldly goods I leave to my dearly beloved wife intrusting in her at her own ……… [discretion] to……[disolve] all my just and lawful debts which laudable undertakiing I am ……[intrusting to]….John ……[middle name].. Rolls whose kind partiality frendship will I am sure lead him to transfer those friendly …..[?]…to my wife which he has so kindly bestowed upon me during my life and I do here by appoint my dear wife my ….[?]…signator and sole execetrix of this my last will and testament dated this 9th day of July 1822 John Mervin Cutlciffe. Signed in the presence of us and each of us John Dene, Charles Cutcliffe, John Rolls.
Proved at …[?]… 28 November 1822 before the judge by this oath of Charlotte Cutcliffe widow …[?]… and sole Executrix to whom …[?]… was granted her having been first sworn by commission duly to administer.”
21John Mervin Cutcliffe’s will is on line.
22Date of information was 1878: “Alverdiscott had 324 inhabitants in 1871, living on 2273 acres of land. Webberly was owned by Miss Mary Preston , formaly held by the Fleming, Bellew and other families; but W.A. Deane, Esq. and several smaller owners have estates in the parish. Webbery was the anciently the seat of a family of it’s own name, and was successively held by the Lippincotts and Cutliffes, the latter of whom rebuilt the house in 1820: it stands in plesant grounds and is now the residence of W. A. Deane. “
23The story of the Earl of Portarlington
“Earl of Portarlington was in command of the 23rd Light Dragoons at the time of Waterloo. You may remember that the Battle was fought on a Sunday and on the Saturday the Earl left his regiment and went to Brussels for an evening’s entertainment. Unhappily, he left it a bit late to set off back and found that the roads were jammed solid with a mixture of Allied troops and supplies moving up to the front and civilians moving back to escape the forthcoming fighting. The problem was compounded by the heavy rain of Saturday night and the unpaved roads were a quagmire. In the event, the Earl was unable to rejoin his regiment and, hence, it came under the command of your ancestor. The Earl in fact did get into the Battle and fought valiantly with the 18th Hussars but was so ashamed of his failure to command his regiment, that he took to drink and drugs and is reputed to have died soon after of an excess of both in a hovel in London. After the end of the Napoleonic Wars many regiments were reduced in strength or disbanded but the 23rd were one of the first to go and possibly some stigma attached to it.”
23The 1815 Army List shows John as being promoted to Major in the 23rd Dragoons on 2 Sep 1813.
Charles Dalton in his book “The Waterloo Roll Call, 2nd Edition 1904” records that John “Commanded the regt at Waterloo in the absence of Lord Portarlington, and was severely wounded early in the day. Brevet Lieut Colonel and C.B. (Companion of the Bath). Promoted to Lieut Colonel of this regt 28 Sep 1815. Placed on h.p. (half pay) in 1818 on the reduction of his regt. D.(Died) in 1822. He belonged to the Devonshire family of this name (Cutcliffe, of Damage), the head of which bears the Christian name of “Mervyn”. Then there is what appears to be a handwritten addition, which is printed in the book – “Also K H ?(one letter undecipherable) Order of Crescent (Egypt). D., 1822.”
Lieut. 23rd dragoons, 28th Nov. 1800; Capt. 15th Dec. 1804; Maj. 2nd Sept. 1815; brevet L.-
” Radipole Burracks, Feb. 28, 1816.
To Colonel, the Earl of Portarlington.” (This was the Cammanding Officer of the 23rd Light Dragoons before Lieut. Col. John Marvin Cutcliffe took over as Commanding Offices of that same unit.)
In the name of the officers of the 23rd light dragoons, I beg
leave to request that your Lordship will do us the honor to accept
of a snuff-
to mark in some small degree the gratitude which we collectively
and individually feel for your kind, conciliatory, and gentlemanlike
deportment towards us in quarters, as well as our admiration
of the noble example of the most devoted gallantry which
your Lordship’s conduct in the field, on various occasions, has
presented to us during the seven years we have had the honor to
serve under your Lordship’s command. We beg leave at the
same time to express our hope, that in your Lordship’s retirement,
at a period of profound peace, from the more active duties
of the military profession, to the no less useful and honorable
employments, which your high rank and station call upon
you to fill, you will continue to enjoy .every species of happiness,
prosperity, and honor, and that you will never cease to be assured
that wherever our destinies may lead us, the admiration and
affection of your late brother officers will always remain with
you. I beg to assure your Lordship that in becoming the instrument
of conveying to you the sentiments of my brother officers,
I am most happy in being enabled to indulge my desire of expressing to you, the sincerity of the personal regard and esteem with which I, &c.
Signed) J. Cutcliffe, Lieut.-
” Emo Park, Emo, March 18, 1816. ”
My Dear Sir,
I have been favored with your letter, conveying to me the
sentiments of the officers of the 23rd light dragoons. I cannot
say how gratified and flattered I feel at the very handsome manner
in which they have expressed their good wishes and regards
for me; and I request you will assure them, that having always
had the highest opinion of their conduct as officers and gentlemen
individually while under my command, 1 shall not cease to feel warmly interested in their future welfare, and shall ever hold with gratitude the kind mark of their esteem, which has been presented to me, in the recollection of the length of time I have passed in their society. I beg you will accept my best thanks for the kind manner in which you have made known to me the sentiments of my late brother officers.
(Signed) ” Portarlington
Notes for Frances (Child 3)
Maried Zachary Hammett Drake in 1803. Memorial in St. Mathews Church in Lee Bay, North Devon, England: “In Memory of Frances Drake. Widow of Hammett Drake and daughter obeiress of Charles Newell Cutcliffe.” Named in her father’s will.
Source: Sir W.R. Drake, F.S.A., inhis “Notes and Notelets” complied in 1887, and is confirmed by the College of Arms (Appendix ‘C’).1
Source also includes “The very Ancient Chruch of Ilfracombe”, by Z.E.A. Wade, published by Twiss & Sons, 9, High Street, Ilfracombe about 1900.13
16lists birth as June 16, 1780.
5″Frances Cutcliffe, the eldest daughter of Charles Newell Cutcliffe and Margaret Mervyn, was born 25th May 1780, and was married at Marwood 6th Oct. 1803, to my (William Richard Drake) father’s brother, Zachary Hammett Drake then of Chapel, in the parish of Moorwinstow co. Cornwall, by subsequently of Springfield near Barnstaple, the eldest son of Henry Drake of Barnstaple, the eldest son of Henry Drake of Barnstaple, by Ann his wife, daughter of Richard Hammett of Clovelly, co. Devon. Mr. Drake was deputy-
Notes for Anne (Child 4)
Unmarried, named in her father’s will.
5″Anne Cutcliffe, born 27th Oct. and bapt. at Pilton, 4th Nov. 1781, died unmarried at Ashford on the 2nd, and was buried at Marwood on the 7th May 1859.”
Notes for Mary (Child 5)
Died an infant. 15Christening date source
Notes for Mary (Child 6)
15Christening date source
5″Mary Cutcliffe, born 17th Jan. 1784, died unmarried at Ilfracombe 13th June, and was buried at Marwood, 21st June 1831.”
Notes for Harry (Child 7)
15Name of Child and Christening date source
Notes for Harriet Elizabeth (Child 8)
Died unmarried, named in her father’s will. Her will 31 Aug. 1863.
16date and place of Christening.
5″Harriet Elizabeth Cutcliffe, born 28th Oct. 1786, died unmarried at Marwood Hill on the 12th, and was buried at Marwood on the 17th April 1867, having by her will dated 31st August 1863, devised her 3/8 shares in the Marwood property in trust for her two nieces the daughters of her nephew Charles Cutcliffe Drake and their issue, and her like share in the Marvyn rentcharge on Upton to ……”
Notes for Emma (Child 9)
Died unmarried. Named in her father’s will, and as extrix of her sister’s will.
Brass plaque in the shape of a scroll on the back wall of Trinity Church in Ilfracombe, below a stained glass window, contains the following: “In memory of Emma Cutcliffe, daughter of the late Charles Newell Cutcliffe, esq fo Marwood Hill, born April 12, A.D. 1787, died March 14 A.D. 1865.”
1. Drake, Sir W. R., F.S.A., “Notes and Notelets” complied in 1887.
2. “Westleigh Parish Register,” 1749, Devon Library, Barnstaple, Devon, England.
3. Devon Family History Society, April 7, 2004, List, Has marriag date in 1760 which would make Margaret 12 years old.
4. Devon Family History Society, April 7, 2004, List, Spelling of name.
5. Cutcliffe, Wendell W., “Account of the Family of Cutcliffe”, Wendell W. Cutcliffe, 1970, William Richard Drake, F.S.A., “Account of the Family of Cutcliffe of Damage”, 1876.
6. “Barnstaple Public Library, North Devon Studies Center And North Devon Athenacum Holdings,” 1753 Clovelly Parish Records, Barnstaple, Devon, England.
7. “Barnstaple parish register 1538-
8. Cutcliffe, Thomas F.: Written by Church in the town of Lee.
9. Devon Family History Society, April 7, 2004, List.
10. “The Drakes of Barnstaple,” firstname.lastname@example.org.
11. “Holmes, David Keith Holmds,” 1/17/2004, 26 Loosen Drive, Maidenhead, Berkshire, SL6 3UT, England.
12. Cutcliffe, John Derrick, “Request for Information,” 8/18/2002, Devon, England.
13. Z.E.A. Wade, “The very Ancient Chruch of Ilfracombe”, Twiss & Sons, 9, High Street, Ilfracombe about 1900.
14. Peter Christie, “Even More North Devon History”.
15. “Hendon, Donald: Letters to Thomas F. Cutcliffe,” 11/11/1999 and/or 3/15/2000, Letter in the posession of Thomas Franklin Cutcliffe os of the year 2001.
16. LDS web site or Ancestry.com web site.
17. Cutcliffe, Thomas F.: Written by
18. Wikipedia, “Order of the Bath.”
20. “Will of John Mervin Cutcliffe,” 7/8/1822, Alverdiscott, Devon, England.
21. “National Archives of the United Kingdom,” 1822, England.
22. UK Genealogy Archives, 2005.
23. David Milner SE, “The Story of the Earl of Portarlington,” 8/11/ 2008, England, E-
24. The Royal Military Calendar, Or Army Service and Commission Book, John Philippart – 1820 – Great Britain, Page 96, Entry 1568.
Last Modified: 6 Jul 2008
Created: 13 Aug 2008